This is a complete guide on mantle Great Danes.
I am going to be breaking down everything that you need to know about the Great Dane color and also show you how it is achieved.
Here are some of the topics we are going to be covering:
- What Is A Mantle Great Dane?
- Mantle Great Dane Genetics.
- Common Health Problems Of Mantle Great Danes.
- Mantle Great Dane Price.
- And much more.
So without further ado, let’s get started.
What Is A Mantle Great Dane?
A mantle Great Dane is one whose coat color should be black and white with a solid black blanket extending over the Great Dane’s body.
According to the American Kennel Club (AKC) standards, a mantle Great Danes should have a black skull with a white muzzle, an optional white blaze, a much preferred white collar, a white chest, white parts on the forelegs and hind legs as well as a white tipped black tail.
A small white marking in the black blanket is acceptable and so is a break in the white collar. However, any variance in color or markings described above shall be faulted to the extent of the deviation. Any Great Dane that does not fall within these color specifications shall be disqualified.
The AKC standards are very strict with regards to accepting and approving a mantle coat color but you can still register dogs with mismarks or color variations with the club.
Standard Vs Non-Standard Mantle Great Danes
The standard mantle Great Dane is one that meets all the specifications mentioned above but there are some variations that are still considered to be the standard. You can still find a standard mantle Great Dane with a solid black blanket extending to many parts that should typically be white.
When it comes to the non-standard mantle Great Dane, the solid black blanket extends all over the body and you can only find a few white markings on the chest, face and forelegs.
Mantle Great Dane Variations
When breeding harlequin Great Danes for mantles there is always a chance for odd mismarks and variations. The common variations for the mantle color in Great Danes are as follows:
Pure Mantle Great Dane
This is the typical black and white Great Dane with a solid black blanket extending over the body. There are also standard and non-standard variations of this coat color as we have already mentioned in the previous section.
Merle Mantle Great Dane
These are also called blue merle mantle Great Danes that have a silver-grey (blue) blanket over a pure white base coat. The silver-grey blanket is often spotted with irregularly shaped black patches.
Blue Mantle Great Dane
Blue mantle Great Danes are those with a blue and white coat color. A solid blue blanket extends over the Great Dane’s body just like in a pure mantle coat.
Fawn Mantle Great Dane
Fawn mantle Great Danes are those with a fawn and white coat color. A solid fawn blanket extends over the body just like in a pure mantle coat color.
Brindle Mantle Great Dane
Are Mantle Great Danes Rare?
Mantle Great Danes are not rare since there are many breeding options for producing the coat color. There are many different ways that breeders can use to produce mantle Great Danes so the coat color is very popular in certain parts of the world.
Mantle Great Dane Genetics
A report on dog genetics revealed that coat Variation in the domestic dog Is governed by variants in three genes. These are the genes responsible for coat color, growth, pattern, length and curl.
According to an article by VCA Hospitals, Despite the huge variety in coat color, there are only two basic pigments that determine the color of canines: eumelanin (black) and phaeomelanin (red). All different variations in color are created by these two pigments, which are both forms of melanin.
The solid black blanket of mantle Great Danes is believed to be a result of the presence of melanocytes which are melanin-producing neural crest-derived cells located in the bottom layer of the skin’s epidermis, the middle layer of the eye (the uvea), the inner ear, vaginal epithelium, meninges, bones, and heart.
These melanocytes are responsible for for producing melanin which is a dark pigment responsible for coat color so the presence of these cells is basically the explanation for the solid black blanket in mantle Great Danes. Similarly, the white parts are a result of an absence or reduction of melanocytes.
However, there are also studies on the inheritance of coat color in dogs that have revealed that the brown and black pigment in dogs result from different stages in the activity of an oxidative enzyme.
Detailed studies on the genetics of the mantle coat color in Great Danes reveal that mantle can come in one of two genotypes. They are either irish homozygotes or piebald heterozygotes.
Irish homozygotes will breed true to the mantle pattern because the dogs will have 2 copies of the gene that produces the irish markings. However, this genetic pattern does not meet the AKC standards of a typical mantle Great Dane.
In the next section I am going to be breaking down the basics of breeding mantle Great Danes.
Breeding Mantle Great Danes
Mantle is a color of the harlequin family so they should be bred in the same way as harlequins. Breeding harlequins will typically produce mantle Great Dane puppies, as well as harlequins, merles, and some mismarked blacks. However, it is important to note that a mantle to mantle breeding will not produce harlequins, almost all the puppies in this litter will be mantle with occasional mismarked blacks.
Some expert breeders have found some major benefits of using mantle Great Danes for harlequin breeding. The major benefit is that mantle to harlequin breeding completely eliminates the chances of producing a white Great Dane which has many health problems due to genetic effects.
A mantle to harlequin breeding will produce mantles or harlequins.
Mantle Great Dane Health Issues
Mantle Great Danes don’t seem to have unique health issues based on their coat color. Much of their health problems are the typical ones largely faced by Great Danes and other dogs.
Here are some common health problems experienced by mantle Great Danes:
- Bloat– This is a very dangerous health condition that results in the twisting of the stomach. After the stomach twisting, blood supply is cut off so it is important to visit the veterinarian as soon as early signs start to show.
- Cardiomyopathy– This is a disease of the heart muscle that makes it harder for your heart to pump blood to the rest of your body.
- Joint & Bone Disease– Many Great Danes experience joint and bone diseases such as hip dysplasia and osteoarthritis. Joint supplements like glucasomine can help to protect your dog from these diseases.
- Thyroid Problems– These are also common for large dog breeds. The most common one is Autoimmune thyroiditis commonly causes hypothyroidism in Great Danes.
Mantle Great Dane Temperament
The association between coat color and dog temperament has been a subject of debate for a very long time. Studies and social experiments have found little to no association between coat color and dog temperament. Your mantle Great Dane will most likely have the temperament of any other Dane rather than deviate from the standard due to the coat color.
It is fair to say that there is a great similarity in the behavior of dogs belonging to one breed and there is also a great disparity in personality for individual dogs belonging to the same breed.
Here is the common personality and temperament of Great Dane dogs:
Dog personality and behavior will vary from one individual dog to another. The qualities mentioned above are typical for Great Danes but your individual dog might deviate from such standards due to factors like environment and how they are actually raised.
How Long Do Mantle Great Danes Live?
Mantle Great Danes generally have an average lifespan of around 8 to 10 years. This is very similar to the lifespan of other Danes because there is rarely a relationship between coat color and disease expect for colors like blue and white which are more prone to several health problems.
You should generally expect your mantle Great Dane to live longer when you are taking good care of them. Factors like diet, environment and access to medication seem to greatly contribute to the lifespan of dogs across all breeds.
How Much Do Mantle Great Danes Cost?
There is no doubt that coat color will greatly influence the total cost of a Great Dane puppy. Some coat colors are very difficult for breeders to produce due to their genetic complexity so they are expensive as a consequence.
The average price of a mantle Great Dane puppy is between $600 to $3,000 depending on the reputation of the breeder, location, pedigree and many other factors.
Here is a brief summary of the major factors that will greatly affect the price of a mantle Great Dane puppy:
- Location- This is one of the major factors that influence the price of a dog. If the breed is exotic to the area is will be more expensive that indigenous breeds.
- Breeder- The reputation of the breeder will also influence the price of your Great Dane. A dog bought from an expert and reputable breeder will cost more than others.
- Pedigree- Pure bred dogs are generally more expensive and ancestral history of the dog will also influence the price. The rule of thumb is to get a Great Dane with an ancestral history that is free from disease and bad temperament.
- Standard- The standard of your harlequin Great Dane will also influence the cost. A mantle Great Dane that meets all the specifications stated by the American Kennel Club will be more expensive that any with some degree of deviation.
Mantle Great Dane Care
As mentioned earlier, taking good care of your mantle Great Dane can greatly contribute to a longer lifespan. This section is going to cover some of the basics of taking good care of a Great Dane.
Diet can greatly influence the overall health of your dog. It is important for pooch owners to provide a nutritionally balanced diet for their dogs in order to keep them fit and healthy. A typical Great Dane diet should generally have more proteins, moderate fats and low calories so dog owners can use this as a guideline to determine the type and amount of food to give their Great Danes.
One of the best dog food for Great Danes is the Wellness Large Breed Dry Dog Food that is specially formulated to provide whole-body nutritional support for your large breed dog.
Grooming is also another essential part of good Great Dane care. Here are some quick grooming tips for your mantle Great Dane:
- Bathe your Great Dane with dog shampoo at least 5 times a year. Frequent bathing can deprive your Dane’s coat with the necessary natural oils.
- Always dry your dog after every bath.
- Dry shampoo your Great Dane in-between bath routines. This is very essential for mantle Great Danes with a white coat that easily gets dirty when playing outdoors.
- Regularly brush your Great Dane with a short hair brush to remove loose hair, dirt and parasites.
- The ears should be kept clean and any excess hair inside the ear should be carefully removed.
- The nails of your Great Dane should also be regularly trimmed. A good rule of thumb is that if you can hear your dog’s nails clicking on the floor when they are walking you should cut the nails.
Mantle Great Danes should have a black and white coat with a solid black blanket extended over their body. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC) standards, a mantle Great Danes should have a black skull with a white muzzle, an optional white blaze, a much preferred white collar, a white chest, white parts on the forelegs and hind legs as well as a white tipped black tail.
Mantle is a color of the harlequin family so they should be bred in the same way as harlequins. Breeding harlequins will typically produce mantle Great Dane puppies, as well as harlequins, merles, and some mismarked blacks.
There is always a chance for odd mismarks and variations when breeding harlequins for mantles so there are so many variations of the mantle coat color.
Some main variations of the mantle coat color are:
- Pure mantle.
- Merle mantle.
- Blue mantle.
- Fawn mantle.
- Brindle mantle.
Mantle Great Danes can come in one of two genotypes which can either be irish homozygotes or piebald heterozygotes.